Start indoors 6-8 weeks before your last spring frost. Soil. Elegant and eye-catching, they have relatively demure flowers and usually grow from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. They have low germination, which can make them a bit challenging to grow, but with proper care can be the most rewarding, as they have a longer growing season than some other types. Blooming from early summer until frost, the showy blossoms generously cover the finely divided aromatic foliage. Triploids can grow a little taller than 1 foot high and have flowers about 2 … He has published numerous articles in both national and local publications, and online at various websites. They come in a myriad of colors, from yellow to orange to mahogany red. Marigolds have a reputation for being able to repel pests and are often planted on the outside of flower beds for this purpose. When growing marigolds, it is best to plant the seeds indoors in March or April and then transfer them to the ground once the frost danger has passed. If you have yet to find your favorite French marigold, don't worry. Shawn McClain has spent over 15 years as a journalist covering technology, business, culture and the arts. Their flowers come in many colors and forms and often feature multiple colors in a single flower head, which is part of their charm. Marigold varieties need … The former reaches a height of 2-4 ft. and bears large, single or double flowers of orange or yellow coloring; the latter grows from 9 in. Climate conditions can also come into play with certain plants, like how a tomato plant, which is a perennial, is grown as an annual in the North since the roots can't survive through a ground freeze. African and French marigolds are the most common. (So-called marsh marigolds are actually part of the buttercup family.) Flamenco French Marigold. They are better suited to rainier conditions than the other Tagetes species. Flowers bloom through summer until frost. Most common marigolds are classified as annuals, although some species are identified as perennials. Unlike annual marigolds, these perennial varieties can survive light frosts. Annuals are plants with a life cycle that completes within one growing season, typically less than one year, and ending with fall's first frost. Bright yellow, gold and orange-red blooms of marigolds (Tagetes spp.) Marigolds prefer full sun conditions to create those vibrant flowers. These two groups have been cross-bred to create a third group called the triploids. The African marigold varieties can grow up to 3 feet tall and have flowers that are 3 1/2 inches across. French marigolds are small flowering plants that have a spreading, shrub-like growth habit. Marigolds are a member of the Tagetes genus and have large, bulging flowerheads ranging in color from yellow to red. French Double Dwarf Marigolds bloom very early on compact plants and bear a profusion of showy double flowers; three brilliant colors in this petite mixture: gold, orange, and harmony. The dark green bushy plants have round blooms. While growing French marigolds is easy enough, the care of French marigolds is even simpler. A genus of about 50 species of herbaceous bushy aromatic annuals and perennials. Because of their name, it is natural to think that marigolds come from France and Africa, but actually all marigolds originated in Mexico, Central America and South America. This isn't necessarily a bad thing, as it brings variety to your flower bed. Heights range from 6 to 18 inches (15 to 46 cm.). French marigolds (Tagetes patula) only grows to about 12 inches tall. While a handful of marigolds will destroy some nematodes, generally there is no real evidence of marigolds repelling most garden pests. Marigolds are annuals, returning to seed at the end of the growing season when temperatures begin to dip. Perfect for the patio in containers. Plants have the same habit as Bonanza Deep Orange with flowering time a few days later. French marigold cultivars come in double-flower and single-flower varieties, but most are doubles with red, orange and yellow flowers that seem petite compared to African marigolds. French marigolds to 3-foot (1 m.) African marigolds that show up best in the back of the flower bed. Consider size as well, as marigolds range from petite, 6-inch (15 cm.) He is currently pursuing his master's degree in journalism at Clarion University. Marigold flower benefits include. Perennials, however, persist over many years, with only the top portion of the plant ever dying back and then regrowing at the start of the next season. There are also a few plants, called biennials, that live for exactly two seasons. An excellent choice for containers and edging, just deadhead for a carpet of bloom, especially in midsummer to fall, when other flowers start to bid adieu. The hardy annuals produce single or double flowers which bloom in shades of orange, yellow, brown and red, with deep green foliage. Dimorphotheca: This genus includes the cape marigolds, colorful annual plants that look like daisies. For healthy and full-bloomed marigolds, plant in full sun with well-drained soil. Flowers open deep pink with a rustic yellow crest, then mature to a natural straw yellow. French marigolds — derived from Tagetes patula — include most of the dwarf cultivars, while the generally taller African cultivars come from T. … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Mountain marigold is another Mexican marigold. A flush of warm hues enlivens this color-changing French marigold, for they open deep coral and then fade to lovely shades of cream and warm pink. 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